Enzymes are protein molecules functioning as specialized catalysts for biochemical reactions. Found in all living cells, enzymes catalyze chemical processes that convert nutrients into energy and new tissues. In case of animal nutrition, they do this by binding to specific substrates in the animal feed and breaking them down into smaller components. Each type of enzyme is highly efficient in its activity on specific substrates, requiring only a small dosage to produce the desired effect. Enzymes perform optimally in certain pH conditions and temperature ranges. The animal’s digestive system, feed processing conditions and diet formulation must be taken into consideration in selecting the best enzyme or mix of enzymes for the desired nutritional outcome. Enzymes created for use as animal feed additives are produced by a specialized microbial fermentation process to ensure that these enzymes have low toxicity, making them safe for animals.
Karyotica uses sophisticated in-house technology, state-of-the-art production facilities, modern equipment for bulk enzyme manufacturing by adhering to strict quality control procedures. We have highly skilled professionals and well equipped laboratory infrastructure enabling us to manufacture and supply high quality and cost effective enzymes.
Acid protease is an enzyme used to break down proteins by hydrolyzing peptide bonds under acidic pH.
Alkaline protease is an enzyme used to break down proteins by hydrolyzing peptide bonds under alkaline pH.
Beta amylase is a form of amylase working from the non-reducing end and catalyzes the hydrolysis of the second α-1,4 glycosidic bond, cleaving off two glucose units (maltose) at a time.
Endo cellulase randomly cleaves internal bonds at amorphous sites of cellulose that create new chain ends.
Exocellulase cleaves two to four units from the ends of the exposed chains of cellulose produced by endocellulase, resulting in tetrasaccharides or disaccharides, such as cellobiose.
An undefined mixture of glycolytic enzymes usually containing xylanase, mannanase and other activities.
Lipases catalyze the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols into glycerol and free fatty acids.
Pectinase is an undefined mixture of enzymes such as pectolyase, pectozyme and polygalacturonase, commonly referred to as pectic enzymes. These enzymes break down pectin, a polysaccharide substrate that is found in the cell walls of plants.
Phytase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phytic acid (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate), an indigestible, organic form of phosphorus that is found in grains and oil seeds and releases a usable form of inorganic phosphorus.
Pullulanase is a debranching enzyme obtained from a selected fungal strain and belongs to the group of debranching enzymes known as pullulanase.
Xylanase is an enzyme that hydrolyses xylan and releases reducing sugars as xylose equivalents.